How to get Line Item Detail information with Totals in T-SQL (Percent of Parent).

Hi All,

This blog post is a follow up to a question I received when I gave my Advanced TSQL Webinar for Pragmatic Works. If you haven’t seen that yet and would like to see it you can view the webinar here: 

Question: How can we get SubTotals in TSQL using the CTE method you mentioned?

In my webinar I showed how to get totals and sub totals in the same result set as line item detailed information (See screenshot below). The method I used involved using the OVER clause and it kept the SQL very clean and easy to read. Unfortunately this method is not the best performing option available and that is because the over clause without framing uses disk. (I have pasted the TSQL example with the over clause at the bottom of this blog post for comparison and reference purposes.)


Sub Totals in SQL with CTE method:

First of all can I just preface this by saying I love CTEs? (Common Table Expressions). Let’s jump right in and write some code! For this example I’m going to be using the AdventureWorks2012 database but this should work with all versions of Adventure Works.

Step 1) – Create CTE with total information: 

    SELECT CustomerID, SUM(TotalDue) AS Total
    FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader
    GROUP BY CustomerID




Step 2: Create an SQL query with line item detail information.

SELECT CustomerID, SalesOrderID, OrderDate, TotalDue
FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader


Step 3: Join them together!

    SELECT CustomerID, SUM(TotalDue) AS Total
    FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader
    GROUP BY CustomerID
SELECT soh.CustomerID, SalesOrderID, OrderDate, TotalDue, Total
FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader soh
JOIN Totals t
    ON t.CustomerID = soh.CustomerID

Final Result:


As I mentioned above you can get the same results using the OVER Clause in TSQL. I have pasted the code below for that example:

    SUM(TotalDue) OVER(Partition By CustomerID) AS CustomerTotal

Final Thoughts: This method will generally perform better than simply using the over clause method, but it takes a more code and work. If the over clause function gets the job done and performance is not an issue I would recommend using that method to keep the code simpler and easier to read!

Thanks for looking!


Advanced T-SQL Webinar / Free Training

Thank You!

First of all thank you to everyone who attended my T-SQL presentation on 5/10/2016. We had over 1400 people registered for the training and 871 people joined and listened in, that’s a lot of people! I also received a lot of good and encouraging feedback so thank you for that as well.


The number one question I received is will the T-SQL scripts be available for download. Of course they will. If you want to download the T-SQL scripts that I used for my presentation you can find those here:

Free Recording:

The full one hour webinar that I did for Pragmatic Works on 5/11/2016 can be found here:

Questions and Answers:

I just received the list of questions from the webinar so I will get this section updated in the next couple days. I wanted to go ahead and post this blog so you could have access to the SQL Scripts.


Les Said: BTW, best presentation EVER!!!! Very clear and straight to the point in each case. Congrats!!!


Thank you!, Best question ever!

Question:Recursive CTEs in SQL

Ken Asked: Should anchor be unique? What happens if there are two rows returned in the Anchor member?


Hey Ken, the anchor member does not need to be unique here. In our example we were specifying that the CEO is at the first level or Level 0. If there are multiple members in the Anchor then multiple members would show up at Level 0.

Question: Pivot in SQL

Travis asked: Can you do multiple columns, such as minutes and cost?


Travis I believe you are asking about the pivot example that I showed in my webinar. The answer is yes, you can definitely do a double pivot or pivot on multiple columns. I will write a blog on how to do this in the next week, so please check back!

Question: Merge in SQL vs. SSIS Update

Vineet asked: How does the merge statement compare to updates done in SSIS.


The only native built in update capability that we have in SSIS is the OLE DB Command so I assume that this question is in regards to comparing the merge with the OLE DB Command. The merge pattern will perform light years better than doing updates in SSIS using the OLE DB Command. The merge pattern I showed in the webinar is a very popular design pattern used for loading data warehouses.

Question: SubTotals with CTEs in SQL Server

Vineet asked: Can you share CTE Examples on your blog.


Hi again, you were not the only one to ask this question as I have also received a few emails requesting this example. I will write a blog post with an example on this in the next week, so please check back!

Question: What SQL Books would you recommend?


There are a lot of great SQL Books out there. I will stick with one author here. I have three books by Itzik Ben-Gan.

  • T-SQL Fundamentals
  • T-SQL Querying
  • T-SQL Programming